Before the coming
Across fierce seas, that battered and broke our small boats, we came. It took us many months of travel to arrive here – many did not make it! Now we have set foot in our new land. We are tired from the long journey but we look forward to putting down roots and settling in this new world. We will establish a mighty nation in this place. We will carve our names upon the walls of history…But first we need to decide where we will settle?
After the coming
We know that we need water for drinking and crops! Perhaps we should build our city near a river or lake? After all the river and lake would also provide us with fish and a means to travel from one part of this new land to another!
But what about crocodiles and flooding?
Ah but flooding is a good thing – it replenishes the crops and leaves behind a thick black mud that will allow the crops to grow strong and healthy.
What about our houses?
We will build them from wood.
That means we need to be near a forest or woodland area.
But how do we get the wood to make our new houses?
Why don’t we cut down the trees? We could build tools like axes or swords to cut down the trees?
We would need durable materials to make theses tools. The tools would have to be sharp and strong!
What about wooden axes and swords? We could use sharpened wood to cut the trees down.
No wood isn’t durable enough. They would break! We need rocks, stone and metal to cut down the trees!
Where do we get these materials from?
Mountains – we need Mountains. They will have these materials! We need to build mines in the mountains so that we can get the rocks from the earth. But remember that the rocks should be igneous or metamorphic rocks because they are more durable.
We could also build roads with the stone we mine. This means we could get to places quicker and faster.
If we move to new areas, we could also build new towns and cities so our population could increase.
leaders must be chosen
Who will decide where we should live? It should be those people who know the best place for us to settle!
And how will we know who they are?
Those people will use there problem solving skills to work out the best place for us to live.
And how will they do that?
Simple, they will use their understanding of the rocks (Rock Cycle unit in Science) and they will use their knowledge of Rivers and crops (History unit on Ancient Egypt) to help us understand the best place for us to live. They will also know what materials we should use to build our tools from (Science unit on materials).
These great people will also demonstrate that they understand what great leadership should be (Religious Education lesson on Guru Nanak and great leaders).
Very well. Let each group present their claim for knowing the best location for settlement. After each group has given us their reasons, we will decide as a whole people, who will be our leaders and where we will settle…
What was that all about?
I recently used the final lesson of our Ancient Egyptian unit as a PBL (problem based learning) lesson. The idea was to really get the children to reflect, use and apply their learning to decide on the best location for a new settlement in a brand new world. The students were split into groups of three and given a copy of the map at the top of the page. They were then asked, towards the end of the session, to present their choices to the whole class explaining their reasons for choosing that location (I have included the lesson plan in a previous post as lesson 6 if you are interested in using it).
I think it is fair to say that PBL is a wonderful tool for wrapping up a unit and really finding out exactly what the students have learned. More importantly, it is a great method for getting students to use and apply previous knowledge to a real world problem that actually needs solving. I used elements of PBL in this history lesson but I have also used it for Science, Maths and Geography lessons. For me, the most important aspect of PBL is the hook. If the children are interested and motivated there will be a 100% buy in to your suggestions and ideas.
Once again, as I have said with all of the learning theories in COETAIL course four, I think that PBL is an absolute must for student learning; particularly in a world where problems, dilemmas and difficulties seem to become more prevalent on a daily basis.